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Fruit Trees: Choosing Where to Plant in 5 Easy Steps Gary talks about what to.

May 30, John Strong demonstrates how to prune apple trees at planting, and after the first and second growing seasons. It also covers pruning a young tree into beari. Central Leader Pruning. Once again, the central leader structure is based on the natural growth habit of the trees. These fruit trees tend to have more of an upright growth habit, and the central/main leader structure keeps the canopy open to light and air circulation so that fruit production and overall tree health are maintained.

When pruning your fruit tree, there are a few things to keep in mind: 1. Know the type of tree you will prune so that you know how to approach pruning it. Pruning Apple Trees 2 Scaffold branches near your cut develop sharp narrow-angled crotches. Limbs several inches lower, however, develop strong wide-angled crotches.

After a month or two when the top shoots are 4- to 6-inches long, trim back the central leader to. The first winter after planting, your young tree should have a new central leader and several scaffold branches which have grown several feet.

Cut off the new central leader about three feet above the highest scaffold branch.

Light is essential for the development of quality fruit.

This will again stimulate the buds below the cut to form both upward and outward growing shoots the following spring. Apple trees are trained to a modified leader system. The tree should be trained with one central leader or main trunk in the center, with several wide-angled limbs spaced around the leader. The tree should mature to a pyramidal shape. The picture below shows correct and incorrect pruning of an apple tree. Use “spur-type” strains or grow apples on dwarfing rootstock to make training and pruning.

Several weeks after planting, new shoots will emerge be- low the cut, and the first one will be used as the future central leader. If the second and third shoots are too strong and compete with the first one, then they should be removed (Figure 3).

For the rest, the good ones will be used as scaffolds.

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